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          2. 歡迎訪問中國歷史網!微信公眾號:

            中國歷史上是太上皇牛還是皇帝牛

            時間:2019-06-20 16:43:16編輯:佚名

              古代王朝中,老大都是終身制的,一旦王朝老大有變動,往往意味著血腥的政變,比如杯弓斧影,比如仁壽之變。

              古代皇帝和繼承人之間雖然是父子兄弟,但是有時候也是赤裸裸的仇恨,因為皇帝的椅子真的太誘人了。

              老皇帝身體硬朗朗的,但是覺得皇帝這事兒自己干夠了,干惡心了,想退休了,事了拂衣去,皇位讓后人。

              他在當皇帝的時候曾經發過誓言,說自己在皇位上干的年頭絕不會超過自己的爺爺康熙。

              乾隆繼位的時候25歲,干滿60年他就八十五了,照古人的年紀八十多肯定是高壽,大約乾隆自己預估自己能不能活到八十都是個問題。

              很多人年輕時,都會對自己能活多大有個誤判,最近看《向往的生活》,當何炅問大家二十年之后想干什么時,二十四歲的歌手李子璇哽咽著說:二十年之后大約我就死了。她說有個感覺,自己活不過四十歲。

              乾隆繼位時和李子璇年齡仿佛,二十五歲的弘歷大約覺得八十五歲距離自己太遙遠了,遙遠到他自己覺得自己不一定能活到那時候,所以他才發下干滿六十年就退休的宏愿。

              不過,后來他一不小心就活過了八十五,為了實現自己當年的誓言,皇位他必須要讓了,雖然他心里不太愿意。

              乾隆皇帝活到了米壽八十八,他把皇位讓給了自己的兒子嘉慶后,又坐了三年太上皇。

              他這太上皇大約是最有權勢的太上皇,嘉慶只能是一個叫皇帝的吉祥物,嘉慶的地位甚至不如太上皇乾隆的寵臣和珅。

              除了乾隆這種自愿讓位的太上皇,很多皇帝讓位都是非自愿的,比如唐朝開國皇帝李淵。

              李世民發動玄武門之變,殺了皇位的繼承人李建成之后,把李淵困在湖上舟中,派尉遲恭和李淵談判。

              李淵很快就把皇位傳給李世民,自己過起了太上皇的生活,李淵當太上皇期間,主要就干了一件事情,生孩子。

              李淵這位太上皇趕上唐朝國力上升期間,所以當的還算愜意,李隆基的太上皇則趕上唐朝由盛及衰的時候。

              安史之亂爆發,李隆基帶著太子逃亡四川,馬嵬坡兵變后,李隆基繼續逃,太子李亨則和他分道揚鑣。

              回到長安的李隆基,再不是當年的玄宗皇帝,升級為太上皇的李隆基雖然表面依舊尊貴無比,其實處處受制,甚至被擁立唐肅宗的太監李輔國暗中下絆子。

              在古代皇家,皇帝防太上皇是對自己權力的保護,畢竟太上皇都是當過皇帝的,有一幫忠于他們的班底時刻想著翻盤。

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