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            桃花源記武陵人是哪里武陵究竟在哪里?

            時間:2019-03-23 22:57:56編輯:文二

            《桃花源記》簡介:桃花源記武陵人是哪里?武陵究竟在哪里?本文這就為你介紹:

            《桃花源記》簡介

            《桃花源記》是東晉文學家陶淵明的代表作之一,是《桃花源詩》的序言,選自《陶淵明集》。

            桃花源記武陵人是哪里武陵究竟在哪里?

            此文借武陵漁人行蹤這一線索,把現實和理想境界聯系起來,通過對桃花源的安寧和樂、自由平等生活的描繪,表現了作者追求美好生活的理想和對當時的現實生活不滿。

            陶淵明簡介

            陶淵明(365—427),晉宋時期詩人、辭賦家、散文家。一名潛,字元亮,私謚靖節。潯陽柴桑(今江西九江西南)人。出生于一個沒落的仕宦家庭。

            曾祖陶侃是東晉開國元勛,祖父作過太守,父親早死,母親是東晉名士孟嘉的女兒。陶淵明一生大略可分為三個時期:

            第一時期,28歲以前,由于父親早死,他從少年時代就處于生活貧困之中。

            第二時期,學仕時期,從晉孝武帝太元十八年(393年)他29歲到晉安帝義熙元年(405年)41歲。

            第三時期,歸田時期,從義熙二年(406年)至宋文帝元嘉四年(427年)病故。歸田后20多年,是他創作最豐富的時期。

            陶淵明被稱為“隱逸詩人之宗”,開創了田園詩一體。陶詩的藝術成就從唐代開始受到推崇,甚至被當作是“為詩之根本準則”。傳世作品共有詩125首,文12篇,后人編為《陶淵明集》。

            桃花源記武陵人是哪里武陵究竟在哪里?

            桃花源記武陵人是哪里?

            桃花源具體在哪如今仍有爭論,武陵是今天的湖南。中國桃花源的地名有很多,重慶酉陽、湖南常德、湖北十堰、江蘇連云港、安徽黃山、臺灣基隆、河南南陽、重慶永川等地都有桃花源,《桃花源記》中的到底是哪有好幾種說法。

            一、陶淵明家鄉廬山

            地處廬山大漢陽峰下,總面積約一萬多畝,“桃花源”又稱康王谷,是廬山第一長峽谷,全長約15華里,素有"世外桃源"的美稱,景觀特色以幽谷風光取勝,歷來被認為是陶淵明名篇《桃花源記》創作原型所在地。

            二、安徽古徽州的黟縣

            位于安徽省黃山市世界文化遺產地—黟縣,是指黟縣漳河流域石山至漁亭10公里段。

            三、臺灣桃花源

            位于基隆河支流新寮溪溪谷中,由從前的“野人谷風景游樂區”、“天云洞風景區”、“大華壺穴區”組合而成。 景區園內有翠谷瀑布、觀音瀑布、迷魂洞瀑布、新寮瀑布、茵夢瀑布等,雖然這些瀑布不如十分瀑布壯觀,但四周環境幽雅秀麗 。

            桃花源記武陵人是哪里武陵究竟在哪里?

            四、湖南省常德市桃源縣

            一般都認為,桃花源的原型在湖南省桃源縣:這里和桃花源記所描寫的境況最符合。

            武陵在今天的湖南,武陵郡名。漢高祖置,治所在義陵(今湖南溆浦南)。東漢移治臨沅(今湖南常德市)。小說中襲人抽著一支酒簽“卻是一枝桃花,題著‘武陵別景’四字,那一面舊詩寫著道是:‘桃紅又是一年春’”。

            桃花與武陵相聯系,典出晉陶潛《桃花源記》:“晉太元中,武陵人捕魚為業,緣溪行,忘路之遠近。怱逢桃花林,夾岸數百步,中無雜樹,芳草鮮美,落英繽紛。”按:隋改臨沅縣,宋乾德中又析置桃源縣,縣名即源于《桃花源記》。

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