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            情人節送什么女朋友怎么過情人節的歷史由來和傳說典故

            時間:2019-03-24 20:51:32編輯:梓嵐

            每年的2月14日是西方傳統情人節,那么情人節是怎么來的呢?關于西方情人節有什么歷史典故呢?情人節怎么過才有意義呢?我們來看下文。

            2月14日情人節簡介

            情人節又叫圣瓦倫丁節或圣華倫泰節,即每年的2月14日,是西方國家的傳統節日之一,起源于基督教。這是一個關于愛、浪漫以及花、巧克力、賀卡的節日 男女在這一天互送禮物用以表達愛意或友好。情人節的晚餐約會通常代表了情侶關系的發展關鍵。現已成為歐美各國青年人喜愛的節日,其他國家也已開始流行。

            情人節送什么女朋友怎么過情人節的歷史由來和傳說典故

            西方情人節的歷史起源

            2月14日是公歷一年中的第45天,離全年的結束還有320天(閏年則還有321天)。每年的2月14日是西方國家傳統的情人節。

            公元270年——羅馬圣教徒瓦倫丁被處死,此日被后人定為“情人節”。瓦倫丁節,又稱情人節,是歐美和大洋洲的一些國家的民族節日。此節日的來源甚多,但一般是以羅馬圣教徒瓦倫丁被處死,后被定為“情人節”較為普通。

            公元3世紀,羅馬帝國出現全面危機,經濟凋敝,統治階級腐敗,社會動蕩不安,人民紛紛反抗。貴族階級為維護其統治,殘暴鎮壓民眾和基督教徒。是時有一位教徒瓦倫丁,被捕入獄。在獄中,他以坦誠之心打動了典獄長的女兒。他們相互愛慕,并得到典獄長女兒的照顧。統治階級下令將他執行死刑。在臨刑前,他給典獄長女兒寫了一封長長的遺書,表明自己是無罪的。表明他光明磊落的心跡和對典獄長女兒深深眷戀。

            公元270年2月14日,他被處死刑,后來,基督教徒為了紀念瓦倫丁為正義、為純潔的愛而犧牲自己,將臨刑的這一天定為“圣瓦倫節”,后人又改成“情人節”。

            關于西方情人節的五種說法

            說法一

            公元3世紀,羅馬帝國皇帝克勞迪烏斯二世在首都羅馬宣布廢棄所有的婚姻承諾,當時是出于戰爭的考慮,使更多無所牽掛的男人可以走上爭戰的疆場。一名叫瓦侖廷(Sanctus Valentinus)的神父沒有遵照這個旨意而繼續為相愛的年輕人舉行教堂婚禮。事情被告發后,瓦侖廷神父先是被鞭打,然后被石頭擲打,最后在公元270年2月14日這天被送上了絞架被絞死。14世紀以后,人們就開始紀念這個日子。中文譯為“情人節”的這個日子,在西方國家里就被稱為Valentine's Day,用以紀念那位為情人做主而犧牲的神父。

            情人節送什么女朋友怎么過情人節的歷史由來和傳說典故

            說法二

            據說瓦倫丁是最早的基督徒之一,那個時代做一名基督徒意味著危險和死亡。為掩護其他殉教者,瓦倫丁被抓住,投入了監牢。在那里他治愈了典獄長女兒失明的雙眼。當暴君聽到這一奇跡時,他感到非常害怕,于是將瓦倫丁斬首示眾。據傳說,在行刑的那一天早晨,瓦倫丁給典獄長的女兒寫了一封情意綿綿的告別信,落款是:From your Valentine(寄自你的瓦倫丁)。當天,盲女在他墓前種了一棵開紅花的杏樹,以寄托自己的情思,這一天就是2月14日。自此以后,基督教便把2月14日定為情人節。

            說法三

            在古羅馬時期,2月14日是為表示對約娜的尊敬而設的節日。約娜是羅馬眾神的皇后,羅馬人同時將她尊奉為婦女和婚姻之神。接下來的2月15日則被稱為“盧帕撒拉節”,是用來對約娜治下的其他眾神表示尊敬的節日。

            在古羅馬,年輕人和少女的生活是被嚴格分開的。然而,在盧帕撒拉節,小伙子們可以選擇一個自己心愛的姑娘的名字刻在花瓶上。這樣,過節的時候,小伙子就可以與自己選擇的姑娘一起跳舞,慶祝節日。如果被選中的姑娘也對小伙子有意的話,他們便可一直配對,而且最終他們會墜入愛河并一起步入教堂結婚。后人為此而將每年的2月14日定為情人節。

            說法四

            來源于古羅馬的牧神節(Lupercalia Festival)。這個說法是基督教會慶祝這一天是為了把古羅馬的牧神節(每年的2月15日慶祝,為了保佑人、田、牲畜的生產力)基督教化。

            在羅馬人崇拜的眾神中,畜牧神盧波庫斯(Lupercus)掌管著對牧羊人和羊群的保護。每年二月中,羅馬人會舉行盛大的典禮來慶祝牧神節。

            那時的日歷與現在相比,要稍微晚一些,所以牧神節實際上是對即將來臨的春天的慶祝。也有人說這個節日是慶祝法烏努斯神(Faunus)它類似于古希臘人身羊足,頭上有角的潘神(Pan),主管畜牧和農業

            情人節送什么女朋友怎么過情人節的歷史由來和傳說典故

            隨著羅馬勢力在歐洲的擴張,牧神節的習俗被帶到了法國和英國等地。人們最樂此不疲的一項節日活動類似于摸彩。年輕女子們的名字被放置于盒子內,然后年輕男子上前抽取。抽中的一對男女成為情人,時間是一年或更長。

            基督教的興起使人們紀念眾神的習俗逐漸淡漠。教士們不希望人們放棄節日的歡樂,于是將牧神節(Lupercalia)改成“瓦淪丁節”(Valentine's Day),并移至二月十四日。這樣,關于瓦淪丁修士的傳說和古老的節日就被自然地結合在一起。這一節日在中世紀的英國最為流行。未婚男女的名字被抽出后,他們會互相交換禮物,女子在這一年內成為男子的Valentine。在男子的衣袖上會繡上女子的名字,照顧和保護該女子于是成為該男子的神圣職責。

            說法五

            傳說以前在英國,所有雀鳥都會在2月14日日交配求偶,如黑鳥、山鶉等,皆在2月間求偶。所以,人類也認為每年的2月14日是春天萬物初生的佳日,代表著青春生命的開始,也仿效雀鳥于每年的2月14日選伴侶。

            12共 2 條
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