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          2. 歡迎訪問中國歷史網!微信公眾號:

            古人避諱皇帝姓名是為什么

            時間:2019-03-24 20:47:45編輯:梓嵐

            所謂避諱,就是指人們在說話或者寫文章的時候不能亂用亂寫,遇到應該忌諱的人物的名字時,必須設法避開,用音同或音近的字來代替,或用其他辦法來改說、改寫。

            由上可知,避諱有兩種。一種是說話時,遇有犯忌觸諱的事物,不直接說出該事物,而用其他的話來表述。如把“死了”說成“走了”。另外一種避諱,即人物姓名的避諱。具體地說,是避諱帝王、圣人、長官、父母、祖父母以及其他所尊者的名字。

            人物姓名的避諱,主要有三種,一種是皇帝的名字,全國的上下臣民都要避諱,這可以叫做“國諱”,也可以叫做“公諱”。另一種是,父母或祖父母的名字,全家后代的人都要避諱,這可以叫做“家諱”,或者叫“私諱”。還有一種是既非皇帝,又非尊親,而是周公、孔子一類圣人的名字,也要避諱,這可以叫做“圣諱”。

            “國諱”要避諱的主要是皇帝本人的名諱。進而,還要避諱皇帝的字,皇后及皇帝的父祖的名諱。推而廣之,連皇帝前代的年號、帝后的謚號,皇帝的陵名以及皇帝的生肖和姓氏,也都要避諱。

             

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