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            過年為什么要貼窗花過年貼窗花的歷史由來

            時間:2019-03-24 20:37:53編輯:浮泊涼

            剪紙藝術是一種非常傳統的民間文化,貼窗花是在我們現實生活當中過年過節都會貼的東西。隨著社會的發展,人們漸漸的淡忘了這一項民間藝術,為什么要在過年的時候貼窗花呢?接下來,就讓我們一起來看看過年貼窗花的歷史由來吧!

            過年為什么要貼窗花?過年貼窗花的歷史由來是什么?

            剪紙是一種非常普及的民間藝術,千百年來深受人們的喜愛,因它大多是貼在窗戶上的,所以人們一般稱其為“窗花”。窗花的內容豐富、題材廣泛。因窗花的購買者多為農民,窗花有相當的內容表現農民生活,如耕種、紡織、打魚、牧羊、喂豬、養雞等。除此,窗花還有神話傳說、戲曲故事等題材。另外,花鳥蟲魚及十二生肖等形象亦十分常見。

            過年為什么要貼窗花過年貼窗花的歷史由來

            窗花以其特有的概括和夸張手法將吉事祥物、美好愿望表現得淋漓盡致,將節日裝點得紅火富麗、喜氣洋洋。窗花的張貼,一般在掃塵之后進行。窗花,是有各種顏色、各種圖案的民間剪紙藝術品。這種富有民族特色的民間風俗已有上千年的歷史。山西民間的剪紙,尤其是窗花剪紙,充滿山西民間的鄉土氣息,濃郁的鄉土風味。

            什么“喜鵲登梅”、“二龍戲珠”、“孔雀開屏”、“天女散花”以及各種花、卉、蟲、魚、鳥的圖案,表示了農民對未來生活寄托的美好希望。剪紙,與立春這個節令有著密切關系,唐代詩人李商隱曾在詩中寫道:“鏤金作勝傳荊俗,剪綠為人起晉風”。

            過年為什么要貼窗花過年貼窗花的歷史由來

            詩中的“荊俗”、“晉風”就點明了這種風氣。而且明確言明了晉人的風俗。宋、元以后,剪貼窗花迎春的時間便由立春改為春節,人們用剪紙表達自己慶賀春來人間的歡樂心情。窗花不僅烘托了喜慶的節日氣氛,而且也為人們帶來了美的享受,集裝飾性、欣賞性和實用性于一體。

            窗花的剪刻形式一是單色剪刻,多用于大紅紙剪紙,應用地區較廣。二是套色剪紙,一股用于宮廷、商鋪子的大窗或廳堂和門面的窗戶。三是浮雕剪紙,流行于甘肅、青海一帶,它將剪刻與紙疊工藝融為一體,風格別具。四是彩色窗花,又有染色和襯色之分。

            過年為什么要貼窗花過年貼窗花的歷史由來

            染色窗花以河北豐寧、蔚縣所出最為出名。先刻后染,色澤明艷,光影效果極佳。襯色窗花以廣東佛山所產最為著名,用金箔紙和錫箔紙剪刻出主體紋樣,背襯各色彩紙,金碧輝煌、富麗典雅。這種做法叫做“銅襯料”。山東的窗花多直條,適合該地直欞窗;西北的窗花用“十”字將完整的剪紙分成四大塊。為了不影響室內采光,窗花多為陽剪,以求得較多鏤空的面積。

            窗花的外輪廓和窗架之間要求舒密有致、構圖格局均衡。為追求清新、亮堂、明快的室內裝飾效果,窗花剪刻多用細線造型,達到鏤空玲瓏的視覺效果。春節時,民間人們喜歡在窗戶上貼上各種剪紙——窗花。窗花不僅烘托了喜慶的節日氣氛,也集裝飾性、欣賞性和實用性于一體。

            剪紙在我國是一種很普及的民間藝術,千百年來深受人們的喜愛,因它大多是貼在窗戶上的,所以也被稱其為“窗花”。窗花以其特有的概括和夸張手法將吉事祥物、美好愿望表現得淋漓盡致,將節日裝點得紅火富麗。

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